Are you depressed? Are you anxious? Or are you both?

People are often confusing depression and anxiety, because they have no idea what the difference between them is. However, the fact is that these two disorders are quite different. If you are suffering from depression then you will experience emotions of anger, despair, and hopelessness. But if you are suffering from anxiety then you will experience panic and fear, feelings similar to the ones when you are fighting for your life. The both terms are thrown around in multiple conversations, because they both reflect the emotions people are experiencing. The connection between these two conditions is complex and in the majority of cases, they both lead to isolation. When you isolate yourself from the people who love you, you refuse your chance to get help, and your low mood is enhanced.

It is crucial the people to understand what the distinction between these two conditions is, in order to determine what treatment will help the patients recover.

Is there a connection between depression and anxiety?

Specialists state that depression and anxiety have the same biological basis. The persons who are anxious experience low mood states and mood related disorders, because they suffer from a change in the neurotransmitter function. Experts consider that low serotonin levels have a deciding factor in the way the disorders evolve. Even if depression and anxiety have the same biological factors people experience them differently. This is the reason why they are often compared with the flipsides of the same coin.

Are there any differences in psychological features?

Depression and anxiety have distinct psychological features.

Anxiety is characterised by: a constant worry about the future, being it on the long or short term, uncontrollable thoughts about something that will go wrong, death thoughts, fear of death, the feeling of avoidance, and anticipation of danger. The symptoms people are experiencing when they are dealing with anxiety can differ, according to the nature of their mental disorder. But, a common symptom is the fact that people are constantly worried about a topic. Sometimes the persons who face this disorder are obsessed with certain aspects, or they show signs of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Depression is characterised by: the impression that the future is hopeless, thoughts of worthlessness, lack of belief that positive things can happen, death thoughts, and suicidal thoughts. The persons who experience depression have suicidal thoughts because they consider that their life is not worth living, because of the burden they feel. When a person is dealing with a major depression disorder, they will have these feelings through the day, and for a long period of time. Sometimes the patients who suffer from this condition are also diagnosed with bipolar disorder, because they have moments when they are in a very high mood state and then they vacillate towards a very low state.

Clinicians observed that there are times when patients suffer from both conditions simultaneously. In this situation, the symptoms for the both conditions are extremely severe, and the patients need professional help to be able to deal with this situation.